Technical Questions

We’re all done with this production. Where do I send the score?

Be sure to insure the mailing for $1250, the sale value of the score if it gets lost.

Don’t think it won’t happen to you.  It has happened multiple times.

Send the score via a traceable method to:

Chadwick Creative Arts
6 Nantucket Court
Medford NJ 08055


Assuming you followed directions, no markings should be in the score, only Post-It Notes. Take out the Post-It Notes (wasn’t that easy?), return the score to shipment-ready state (score removed from the binder rings and bound using binder clips to the folder backing) and simply mail the score back.

If your cue score came in a binder, remove the sheet music from the binder rings and bind it to the folder backing (see image below).

Do not ship the score back with the music in the rings, or loosely flopping around, as it will damage the rings and/or music!


If you did not follow directions and you made pencil marks in the score, erase all pencil marks  carefully and thoroughly, and without damaging the score in any way. A full sized proper rubber eraser, not just the one on the back of that pencil that has been sitting in your drawer for two years, is highly recommended. Scores returned with pencil marks and/or other material are charged a $100 damage fee for repair, regardless of how many or how few markings there are. Scores returned beyond re-use (such as scores written into with pen or trashed beyond the ability to be rented to others) will be returned to you and you will be responsible for the purchase price of the score (see your contract for details).

How do I resize the PowerPoint projection?

Each version of PowerPoint has different methods of doing this. If you are working with a very old version of PowerPoint, you may need additional assistance directly.

Essentially, you want to change the page size of the Master slide. Once that is done, PowerPoint should apply that change to all slides. Make sure you make your changes to BOTH the default slide, and the layout slide under Master Slide View.

For example, if your projector is static (unmovable) and is throwing the projection too low, you can create a page layout that is taller and move the text area to the top or bottom of the page, leaving the rest blank.

Please call or email if you need additional help. There is no charge for resizing a slideshow so long as the width remains the same. If you are changing the ratio of width to height, it will affect the slideshow dramatically and the show will need to be reformatted. There is a charge for this based on an hourly rate, but this process typically takes only an hour or two.


How do I make cuts in the score and PowerPoint?

Refer to the documentation included with your rental for the recommended methods. It is highly recommended you follow the cue number scheme, which corresponds to cue numbers listed in the NOTES for each slide (NOT the PowerPoint slide number!).

If you are only  cutting slides, and not adding them, you can hide them instead of deleting them.

The slideshow will simply pass over the slide you “cut” in this way. To hide a slide, right click on it and select “Hide Slide” from the bottom of the dropdown.

Since you should not mark directly in the score, use Post-It Notes to indicate any markings.  These should be removed prior to returning the score.

When looking at the slideshow in Presenter View, you will see the notes field on the right hand side of your screen. That is the cue number which ties to the marked piano-vocal score you received.  The score has cue numbers marked in red with a yellow background.  These cue numbers correspond to the  Notes Field of the PowerPoint presentation, and not the PowerPoint slide number.

What size screen do we use?

Supertitles are formatted for use on a standard screen dimension that is a ratio of 1 to 8, but can be altered for almost any screen size. How large the receptor screen is depends on how far your projector will be and what kind of projection it provides. Most projectors have multiple ways to adjust the image size. It is recommended that if you are building a screen for these titles, get a sample slide in advance and project it in your venue.

What kind of projector do I need?

It depends on your performance space, the distance between your projector and the receiving surface, and how many lights it’s going to have to break through. As long as you’re not in an enormous municipal auditorium, most modern projectors are more than adequate. If you really want to get fancy, you could look into “rear projection” options as well.

Rental Fee Payment

Are there rights required for works not in the public domain?

By check: Make the check out to Chadwick Creative Arts, and mail to Chadwick Creative Arts, 6 Nantucket Court, Medford NJ 08055, USA

By credit card: I accept online payments via PayPal to mike@chadwickarts.com. When requesting a rental, I will typically send an invoice via PayPal with terms and conditions included. This can simply be paid online with PayPal or a major credit card.  You do not have to have a PayPal account in order to pay the invoice.

Due to a few colleges and universities being profoundly late with payments made on purchase orders, I no longer accept them. All rentals must be paid in full prior to the score and PowerPoint being sent. I apologize for this inconvenience, caused by the disrespectful and irresponsible actions of others.


How much are your rentals?

Yes, there is a 20% discount applied to a single contract with multiple titles included in the same production season. The full rental fee must be paid up front in order to receive the 20% discount.

Il Tritico is considered a single full length opera rental and gets all three one-act operas for the typical price of a regular full length opera.


Do you offer formats other than PowerPoint?

Unfortunately, on more than one occasion, the company or university issuing the purchase order did not pay for the rental by the payment due date. In multiple instances, several weeks and even months would go by before I could obtain the fee, and even then the late fees would not be paid.

Because of this disrespectful treatment by these companies and universities, I no longer accept purchase orders for rentals. All rentals must be paid in full prior to the score and PowerPoint being sent. If this is not acceptable to your organization or university, I recommend paying for the rental yourself and being reimbursed by your organization.


Rental Questions

Are there rights required for works not in the public domain?

Absolutely, yes. It is not legal for me to rent  supertitles for a work which is not in the public domain, because that would mean I am profiting from the intellectual property of others. Any  person or company who rents supertitles to such works is violating intellectual property copyright law. That said, part of your agreement when obtaining grand rights to perform these works includes the right to project supertitles for your performance. You can subcontract a vendor to create your supertitles for you. This is no longer a rental situation, but rather hiring someone to do work for your production.

Because of these legal constraints, these titles may not be rented. However, I can create title sets for your particular production. The score is created for you and the slides are created for you, and are not returned to me. It is not a rental or a purchase, but rather the hiring of me to create a title set for your particular presentation. Those titles may not be legally distributed to another company for other performances.

How much are your rentals?

The rental fee structure has variables which affect price for each rental. Generally speaking, full length operas in the public domain are $600 and one-act operas are generally $300.  There are discounts offered for organizations with lower annual operating budgets and for educational institutions.

Annual operating budget must be verified using the organization’s Form 990 before a discount may be applied.

Some operas and oratorios will fall outside of that pricing structure. For example, I have an agreement with Schirmer for a few operas in the list which do not yet fall within the public domain. The fee for those titles is higher because a portion of the rental fee gets paid to Schirmer. Smaller oratorios such as the Beethoven 9th Symphony don’t have a lot of text, so that fee is much less than a normal rental. If you request a custom title set for a work which is rarely performed, that is going to be higher than normal because it is unlikely I will be able to rent that set of titles again.

Do you offer formats other than PowerPoint?

Yes, and conversion to whatever format you need is done at no cost. This includes sets which can be imported into Figaro, TitleDriver, and other software platforms.

When can I get the titles, and for how long?

The titles can be sent whenever you wish, once the contract is signed and rental fee is paid. If not directed otherwise, the default shipping date is set up so that your titles arrive prior to the week your performance begins. For example, if your opening performance is March 31st, the titles would typically be sent to arrive by March 24th. Once your production is over, any rented titles cue scores must be returned within 30 days of final performance listed in your contract.

Do you process cuts, or do we?

The rental fee does not include processing cuts. It is best for you to process cuts internally, as additional cuts might be made during the rehearsal process and since you have made the other cuts, there will be no question on how to accomplish it. Having the cuts processed for you on our end does require a fee, which varies depending on the complexity of the cuts being requested.

What does it cost to have subtitles created for my video?

The fee for video subtitle overlays is based on the project, which can vary tremendously. Essentially it comes down to an hourly rate. If you’re only adding 50 or so cues (say, for something like the Beethoven 9th) it’s obviously going to be a lot less than for something like Le nozze di Figaro. That means projects can range rather broadly between $25 and several hundreds of dollars.

Do you provide discounts for multiple rentals?

Yes, there is a 20% discount applied to a single contract with multiple titles included in the same production season. The full rental fee must be paid up front in order to receive the 20% discount.  Il Tritico is considered a single full length opera rental and gets all three one-act operas for the typical price of a regular full length opera.

Can I make alterations to the slides?

Yes. The slideshow is done electronically in Microsoft PowerPoint. Any slide may be customized to meet your particular staging needs.

What size screen do we use?

Supertitles are formatted for use on a standard screen dimension that is a ratio of 1 to 8, but can be altered for almost any screen size. How large the receptor screen is depends on how far your projector will be and what kind of projection it provides. Most projectors have multiple ways to adjust the image size. It is recommended that if you are building a screen for these titles, get a sample slide in advance and project it in your venue.

Can I get a sample of a slideshow before I rent it?

Yes, you may request a specific aria or scene in order to get an idea of the style in which I present titles.

We’re performing in English. Do we still need supertitles?

There are several reasons why having supertitles for English and English-translated operas is beneficial. First, the style of most operatic singing makes it difficult to deliver the language in an easily understandable way. Second, many words in operettas and translated English operas are archaic or unusual.  The Rake’s Progress is an excellent example of an English opera that benefits having supertitles for its audience. Finally, this is an excellent opportunity to include hearing-impaired patrons and can result in a positive community outreach opportunity. Please be aware that if the work needing titles is  not in the public domain, it will be treated somewhat differently.

What qualifications are required to run the slideshow?

You should select someone who can read music well, and preferably, someone familiar with the opera or oratorio. Numbered slides and marked scores make this process easy, but for complex musical numbers, having someone familiar with the score is recommended.

The work I need titles for isn’t listed. Can you make them?

New titles are being made all the time, and I am happy to add new titles to meet your needs. Just let me know when your production is so that I may plan appropriate time to create them. Please be aware that if the work needing titles is  not in the public domain, it will be treated somewhat differently.  Additionally, works that are very rarely performed are going to cost more to make than works which I believe can be rented multiple times in the future.

Do you create slideshows for scenes programs?

Absolutely. The rental fee depends on the complexity and length of the program, and typically is considered a full length opera for the purposes of determining the rental fee.

What kind of projector do I need?

It depends on your performance space, the distance between your projector and the receiving surface, and how many lights it’s going to have to break through. As long as you’re not in an enormous municipal auditorium, most modern projectors are more than adequate. If you really want to get fancy, you could look into “rear projection” options as well.

Are you available to run the supertitles presentation for us?

If you are in the northeast USA, it’s certainly an option.  I am based in southern New Jersey.  Most companies would not want to pay for the travel, lodging, and time required for me to run the slideshow for them when the location is outside of that commute. In those cases, it is typically best to look internally to fill that need. However, if you are in my general vicinity (mid-Atlantic USA) and wish to have me come and run your titles for you, I charge $200 per appearance plus actual travel expense reimbursement.

Do you rent projectors? Screens?

The technology has improved enough that having a projector is a very affordable product for most companies. It is an excellent investment for you to make, and could potentially be donated if you ask the right people. Because different venues have different needs, I do not carry screens for rental. Screens may be made of basic non-reflective fabric (such as muslin) available at most fabric or art supply stores. A basic frame can be made from many light materials which are rigid when mounted, or perhaps flexible. You just want it to be completely taut when expanded. The absolute best possible material is movie screen material, if available in your area or by special order. Doing a search for “Projector Screen Fabric” on Google or Amazon will yield many results.